What is Sleep Apnea?


Table of Content

  1. What is Sleep Apnea?
  2. Different Types of Sleep Apnea
  3. Risks
  4. Diagnosis
  5. Treatments
  6. Comorbidities


Sleep Apnea is a medical condition where you repeatedly stop and start breathing while you sleep. There are several types of sleep apnea, but by-far the most common type is obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). This type of apnea occurs when your throat muscles intermittently relax to the point of collapse and block your airway during sleep. A noticeable sign of obstructive sleep apnea is snoring.

Sleep apnea occurs in about 3% of normal weight individuals but affects over 20 % of obese peoples. In general, sleep apnea affects men more than women. However, sleep apnea rates increase sharply in women after menopause.

Sleep apnea can cause short-term sleep deprivation, which can affect mood as well as your safety at work and while driving. It’s also strongly linked to life-threatening chronic conditions like heart disease, high blood pressure, stroke,Type 2 diabetes, and depression. Undiagnosed sleep apnea is often linked to heart disease and metabolic issues like diabetes. Therefore, Iit is important to treat sleep apnea.

Treatments for obstructive sleep apnea are available. The most common treatment involves using a device (CPAP) that uses positive pressure to keep your airway open while you sleep. Another option is a mouthpiece to thrust your lower jaw forward during sleep. In some cases, surgery may be an option, too.